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Lesson Planning: Writing Goals and Objectives

Once a teacher has figured out what he is teaching, he can determine some specific goals for the course, then turn those goals into objectives.

The difference between a goal and an objective is that a goal gives a direction, but an objective is measurable. Objectives give us ways to assess the students’ progress. They also define the scope of the goal. When the teacher sees that class has mastered the material, he can move on to other teaching points with confidence.

Goals Objectives
  • Give direction
  • Not measureable
  • Clearly define the scope of goal
  • Include measurable, observable behaviors

Examples:

Goals Objectives
Students will learn how to draw shadow. Students will show their understanding of cast and form shadow by:
a) pointing out examples of successful and unsuccessful examples in critiques.
b) correctly depicting form and cast shadow in drawings of plaster spheres, cones and cylinders.
75% of the class will show that they can do both of these things.