"Learning is not a spectator sport. Students do not learn much by just sitting in class listening to teachers, memorizing prepackaged assignments, and spitting out answers. They must talk about what they are learning, write about it, relate it to past experiences, apply it to their daily lives. They must make what they learn a part of themselves."

Chickering, A and Gamson, Z. F. (March 1987) "Seven Principles for Good Practice." AAHE Bulletin 39: 3-7.

Lesson Planning: Writing Goals and Objectives

Once a teacher has figured out what he is teaching, he can determine some specific goals for the course, then turn those goals into objectives.

The difference between a goal and an objective is that a goal gives a direction, but an objective is measurable. Objectives give us ways to assess the students’ progress. They also define the scope of the goal. When the teacher sees that class has mastered the material, he can move on to other teaching points with confidence.

Goals Objectives
  • Give direction
  • Not measureable
  • Clearly define the scope of goal
  • Include measurable, observable behaviors


Goals Objectives
Students will learn how to draw shadow. how to draw shadow. Students will show their understanding of cast and form shadow by:
a) pointing out examples of successful and unsuccessful examples in critiques.
b) correctly depicting form and cast shadow in drawings of plaster spheres, cones and cylinders.
75% of the class will show that they can do both of these things.